#Challenge

Access to Transport

transport

The challenge looks at device, process or service solutions.

Disability: Locomotor, Blind and Low Vision, Deaf and Hard of Hearing

  • Frequently, in conflict and post-conflict zones, during large building works and in rural settings, terrain is uneven and difficult to navigate for persons with disabilities.
  • How can one bridge the 50mm gap between a train & the platform and help make trains more accessible in India?
  • How would deaf and hard of hearing people know if the train changed platform at the last minute and there was only audio information?
  • How could a blind person identify and board a bus at a busy transport intersection safely?
  • How could a school child from a village know when the bus without timetables is proceeding her home so that she could go to roadside to wait for it?
  • How could a minibus on-call be established in rural setting, so that bus goes to pick up people from remote areas when it is needed?
  • How could the safety of transport be increased for women with disabilities?

Access to Communication

communication

The challenge looks at device, process or service solutions.

Disability: Blind and Low Vision, Deaf and Hard of Hearing

  • In developing countries, sign language interpreters are remotely located, each interpreter has different specialist vocabulary (e.g. legal, technical). How can we make it easier to match people with interpreters with the necessary vocabulary?
  • In India, there are 300 interpreters for 18 million Deaf and hard of hearing people. Easy and immediate reach to sign language interpreters is very difficult. How can a deaf person get easy and immediate access to interpreters along with information of their skillset?
  • There is lack of knowledge in ways to communicate with deaf children (Gap between early intervention and rehab) - deafness is viewed from medical model so there is no ecosystem to interact with deaf communities for babies or for their hearing parents which results in no language acquisition or literacy.
  • How can an individual learn sign language or braille reading from home?
  • How can professionals learn basic sign language related to their field i.e., medical, legal, banking etc?
  • How could a person with hard of hearing attending a meeting also hear the ones that are sitting in the far end of the table?
  • Apps for common use i.e., travel booking, money transfer, food –while broadly accessible have certain key features which are inaccessible (rendering a poor experience) and do not have facility for offline mode especially in rural sector.
  • Accessible devices are often unaffordable for educational institutions, companies and individuals.
  • Can sign language to text/speech translators be developed to translate one way/both ways?

Maintaining intimate Hygiene

sanitation

The challenge looks at solutions related to devices and services.

Disability: Locomotor, Blind and Low Vision

  • How would a girl with weak upper limbs change her sanitary napkin with ease?
  • A man who has limited upper limbs function, cannot change catheters on his own and therefore is forced to work from home.
  • The clothes available in the market are not friendly to persons with physical disabilities and does not assist in easy change of clothes.
  • When a blind woman takes a pregnancy kit, she is unable to find out if she is pregnant. This is a personal exercise therefore, she will not ask anyone to read the results for her.

Access to Education

education

The challenge looks at device, process or service solutions.

Disability: Locomotor, Blind and Low Vision, Deaf and Hard of Hearing

  • Children who are blind or have Low Vision do not have access to text books and key course materials in accessible formats.
  • Parents, teachers and other children are often unable to communicate with deaf and hard of hearing children, leaving children isolated.
  • How can blind students and deaf students have full and effective participation in non-classroom settings like seminars, Workshops, Etc.?
  • In developing countries, most teachers for deaf students do not know sign language. How can learning sign language for their subjects be facilitated?
  • How could a child with poor hand functions have easier access to teaching material?

Accessibility & Safety of Physical Structures

physical-structures

The challenge looks at device, process or service solutions.

Disability: Locomotor, Blind and Low Vision, Deaf and Hard of Hearing

  • Majority of the flats in developing countries have narrow staircases and no elevators. How will a person using a wheelchair or walking aid move with ease?
  • Mrs Rau who has Low Vision fell down the stairs in a market as she couldn't see them, how can they be made more accessible? Generally many public buildings, schools and offices are very difficult to navigate for blind people.
  • Are there Internet of Things (IoT) or other systems to provide guidance to blind people to aid navigation when appropriate?
  • Building evacuations have not been planned with the accessibility needs of people with disabilities in mind. If an emergency occurs, how will a person using a wheelchair, a blind person or a Deaf person evacuate the building safely?
  • Hina must travel with her mother as she required help in pushing her wheelchair in uneven terrain. How can Hina’s mother have full independence?
  • Signage remains basic with few accessible features. How can new technology create accessible affordable signage?
  • How do we identify space, texture, distance, gradient through sounds that can be digitally enabled through Internet of Things (IoT)?
  • Transport facilities such as large train stations, busy bus terminals, do not have inclusive facilities.

Accessible Tourism

Accessible-tourism

The challenge looks at device, process or service solutions.

Disability: Locomotor, Blind and Low Vision, Deaf and Hard of Hearing

  • Group of wheelchair basketball players travelling to another city for a tournament but the hotel has only one accessible wheelchair room
  • The parents travel to a holy pilgrimage every year but they leave behind their daughter who is a wheelchair user. Holy pilgrimage locations are not accessible.
  • Parvaz is interested in architecture but on a tourist attraction does not find information in braille, audio or sign language for the history of the site
  • Tourism for people with disabilities is considered as luxury, how can this perception be changed?
  • How to build accessible infrastructure at tourist destinations?
  • Prem is independent with his wheelchair, but at vacation would love to see the sea and go to the beach, but he can’t manoeuvre his wheelchair in the sand
  • There is no service to help persons with disabilities in tourism, which is affordable to people in lower income settings.
  • How could travelling alone be safer for women with disabilities?

Access to Information & Entertainment

information

The challenge looks at device, process or service solutions.

Disability: Locomotor, Blind and Low Vision, Deaf and Hard of Hearing

  • Information on different disabilities and geographical location of rehabilitation services is not always easily available
  • Portals which brings service providers, persons with disabilities and sponsors/individual  donors together  are not existing
  • There is lack of awareness of disability rights, policies, schemes, scholarships, business loans, etc. among communities with and without disabilities ranging from children, adults and elderly people
  • How can deaf people access movies, news, etc. being played on television as it is all audio driven? How can subtitling, close-captioning be made easier so that developing countries may adapt it?
  • There are very few audio books available for people who are blind or are Low Vision in their mother language. Software which facilitate their reading is expensive.

Access to Toilet (Public & Residential Space)

toilet

The challenge looks at device or service solutions.

Disability: Locomotor, Blind and Low Vision

  • Due to bulky wheelchair, users often unable to access bathrooms / toilets and are forced to use a portable toilet seat inside the house.
  • Portable toilet seats are often impossible to be used independently by persons with disabilities. They are often of very light design and using them alone is unsafe
  • There is no portal where an event organizer could easily order an accessible toilet to be rented for an event
  • Basic support ( like handle, grips etc.) inside the toilet required for safe and comfortable usage are not available
  • In most of the cases, public toilets are not cleaned properly. This result in physical contact of with unhygienic floor etc. (for people who crawl.). This makes toilet usage unhygienic and difficult.

Access to rehabilitation and counselling services

rehab

The challenge looks at device, process or service solutions.

Disability: Locomotor, Blind and Low Vision, Deaf and Hard of Hearing

  • When a baby with cerebral palsy started growing, the father was unable to carry and take him for his check-ups every week. Eventually, the boy remained in the four walls of his home. How can he have access to rehabilitation?
  • Rehabilitation services like physiotherapy often include many appointments which affects whole family, cancelling of appointments can happen in last minute
  • Often person need to travel long distances to avail the services and need to pay additional cost for transportation and loses daily wages in entire process. In many countries there is no social security system to cover the rehabilitation costs. Also affordable Health Insurance for persons with disabilities is often not available.
  • Professionals are not keen to work in rural settings. How can this be solved and what role can remote services provide?
  • How can a greater number of tertiary level professionals be trained and encouraged to take up these professions?
  • There are no systems for peer to peer counselling or remote counselling available.
  • Rehabilitation services includes access to assistive devices as prosthetics and orthotics, hearing aids, physiotherapy and training in lip reading.

Finding Personal caregiver

caregiver

The challenge looks at device and service solutions.

Disability: Locomotor, Blind and Low Vision

  • How can a wheel chair user find a personal caregiver to help her to  go to movie on Friday evening, without need to plan it days in advance
  • Madam Laila has moved to a new town and need a fulltime caregiver. How could she find one?
  • Concept of care giver remain within urban settings, most of the burden of care giving lies on the patents / relatives in rural areas. How to disseminate this approach in rural areas?
  • Wherever care givers are available, it is expensive to afford.
  • How could the design of device ease the life of parents/relatives?
  • In many countries, guide dogs are paired with blind persons to assist in some activities of daily living. Could this be considered for your context? How?

Employability in Mainstream Professions

employment

The challenge looks at device, process or service solutions.

Disability: Locomotor, Blind and Low Vision, Deaf and Hard of Hearing

  • The adaptation required to make workplaces accessible are expensive – screen reading software, sign language interpreters, and accessible physical structures. This costs prevent companies from purchasing services to enable them to fulfil their potential.
  • How to reorient and retain employees who have incurred a disability during their employment?
  • There are no job portals dedicated to persons with disabilities that disseminate information about potential jobs amongst the target population
  • Very few industries including rural industries produce tolls that are adapted to use by persons with disabilities. How can one enable technology for communication in a work environment that allows people to interact with other people, as well as with computers, via the internet etc.
  • Is there an open source space for persons with disabilities to contribute to development of their own assistive devices support networks for setting up their own businesses?
  • How can persons with disabilities be provided employment in ways that they are best suited - such as in providing guidance/ audits for businesses to include accessibility features, etc.?
  • The traditional vocational training focuses to handicrafts without giving skills needed in nowadays mainstream jobs
  • Disability community do not have exposure to financial literacy where the skill to plan, execute their business plan is exercised. What can be done to build their entrepreneurship skills?

Low-cost Lightweight Wheelchairs

cheaper-wheelchair

The challenge looks at device and service solutions.

Disability: Locomotor, Blind and Low Vision, Deaf and Hard of Hearing

  • Heavy materials used for wheelchairs makes them very taxing to use. Could there be lightweight, cheap but still durable material to be used instead?
  • In India, a tricycle is the easiest way to go long distances and people regularly travel 20 kms by tricycle, hand cycling to their place of work. However, it is not easy to carry a wheelchair on-board, making it impossible to work in most corporate environments. This limits a person’s ability to make a living
  • In India, wheelchairs are often lifted by care taker and they do face physical stress working with wheelchair user for long period
  • School children are often given a too big, heavy wheelchair which is very difficult for them to use.

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